Рассказ о короле Олафе как он сломал мост 1014 году


After the departure of the Romans, various Germanic settlers raided in Britain, the Saxons settled in the place, as they were called, Lundenwic, to the West of the Roman settlement. Despite the fact that they were saved from the invasions of the Vikings in old walls, king Alfred decided to turn the city into a fortress, that he has succeeded in the ninth century. Since the new port was upstream of the old bridge, the bridge was not possible to have to reconstruct, therefore, on the basis of the first written sources, a new bridge appeared around the year 1000 of our era. The fact that the port was developing above and below the bridge suggests that the bridge of the Saxons was also adjustable. In the period between the year 1000 and the erection of the stone bridge, log bridge, probably rebuilt five times.
Besides the fact that the bridge was a checkpoint, he also served as an additional line of defense for the city. He did not miss the enemy vessels upstream and did not allow the attacking troops to enter the city by land. He played a dramatic role in the brutal events of the early eleventh century, when London changed hands a few times when the power in the city passed from the Saxons to the Vikings and Vice versa. The most famous legend describes the attempt of the Saxon king aethelred Hesitant to retake London from the Whip in 1014. He enlisted the support of the Norwegian king Olaf, whose ships, reinforced awning to protect the team, swam to the bridge, put the iron cats to him, and when he sailed from him, almost destroyed him. This was the inspiration for the poem written by Olaf Igasom. The first line starts like this:
Destroyed London bridge,Shine, the glory as of the gold.Shields rattle, Horns blow, Hildur spewing roar! Arrows fly,Chain mail rings, Blessed Olaf One!


The poem is known through the childrens poem "London bridge is falling down", which appeared in the seventeenth century. Olaf became a popular patron Saint in England, previously in London there were three Church named after this Saint, one of them was at the southern end of London bridge, on the spot where later, in 1931, built the office block known as St Olaf house. In 1016 Knut returned to regain his throne. As he could not take the bridge, he dug a channel around the southern end of the bridge and his ships were able to raise upstream, the city was surrounded. After the Norman invasion of 1066, William the Norman had to take the London, in order to provide themselves with power. When he approached it from the South, he found that the town is well protected in this part, he had to move his army up the river where he was able to cross the Thames and to move to London from the West.

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